Fundamentals of Buddhism


Understanding Amitabha Buddha Sutra from the Perspective of the Lotus Sutra

Understanding Amitabha Buddha Sutra from the Perspective of the Lotus Sutra Amitabha Buddha, or Amida Buddha, is the Buddha of special reverence in Pureland. In fact, Amitabha Sutra is one of the many expedient teachings expounded by Shakyamuni Buddha to enable all to attain Buddhahood. The pureland of Amitabha is […]


Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra: Sutra on the Purifying of All Evil Paths

Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra: Sutra on the Purifying of All Evil Paths  (Translated version of Master Buddhapala during the Tang Dynasty) Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra is one of the many Mahayana sutras that enables one to eradicate all evil karma, thus preventing one’s from falling into the four lower realms of […]


Seven Sutras that are related to Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Seven Sutras that are related to Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara  In Mahayana Buddhism, Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara is one of the most eminent bodhisattvas whose presence is palpable in many of the famous temples in East Asia. The Sanskrit term “Avalokitesvara” means “perceiving the cries of the people in the world.” This is due […]


Seven Factors of Enlightenment

Seven Factors of Enlightenment The Tipitaka, the Buddhist canon, is replete with references to the factors of enlightenment expounded by the Enlightened One on different occasions under different circumstances. In the Book of the Kindred Sayings, V (Samyutta Nikaya, Maha Vagga) we find a special section under the title Bojjhanga Samyutta wherein the Buddha […]


Ten Eminent Disciples of the Buddha

Short Stories about Ten Eminent Disciples of the Buddha Each of Buddha’s disciples played an important role in the early days of Buddhism.  Shariputra represented Buddha in areas which required wisdom, Mogallana in supernatural powers, Katyayana helped spread Buddhism, Subhuti was the symbolism of Emptiness, Purna in debating the Dharma, […]


18 Distinctive Qualities of a Buddha

18 Distinctive Qualities of a Buddha Eighteen Distinctive Qualities of a Buddha (十八不共) are the qualities that only Buddhas and bodhisattvas possess. They commonly consist of the Ten Powers, Four Fearlessness, Three Kinds of Tranquility, and a Great Compassion. Also known as Eighteen Unshared Features Eighteen Unshared Properties, or Eighteen […]


The 52 Stages of Bodhisattva Practices

  The 52 Stages of Bodhisattva Practice The 52 Stages of Bodhisattva Practices are enumerated in Jeweled Necklace Sutra (菩萨璎珞本业经). The stages are systematic processes through which bodhisattvas advance from the time of their initial resolve until they finally attain Buddhahood. The 52 Stages of Bodhisattva Practice consist of: – […]