Fundamentals of Buddhism


Seven Factors of Enlightenment

Seven Factors of Enlightenment The Tipitaka, the Buddhist canon, is replete with references to the factors of enlightenment expounded by the Enlightened One on different occasions under different circumstances. In the Book of the Kindred Sayings, V (Samyutta Nikaya, Maha Vagga) we find a special section under the title Bojjhanga Samyutta wherein the Buddha […]


Ten Eminent Disciples of the Buddha

Short Stories about Ten Eminent Disciples of the Buddha Each of Buddha’s disciples played an important role in the early days of Buddhism.  Shariputra represented Buddha in areas which required wisdom, Mogallana in supernatural powers, Katyayana helped spread Buddhism, Subhuti was the symbolism of Emptiness, Purna in debating the Dharma, […]


18 Distinctive Qualities of a Buddha

18 Distinctive Qualities of a Buddha Eighteen Distinctive Qualities of a Buddha (十八不共) are the qualities that only Buddhas and bodhisattvas possess. They commonly consist of the Ten Powers, Four Fearlessness, Three Kinds of Tranquility, and a Great Compassion. Also known as Eighteen Unshared Features Eighteen Unshared Properties, or Eighteen […]


The 52 Stages of Bodhisattva Practices

  The 52 Stages of Bodhisattva Practice The 52 Stages of Bodhisattva Practices are enumerated in Jeweled Necklace Sutra (菩萨璎珞本业经). The stages are systematic processes through which bodhisattvas advance from the time of their initial resolve until they finally attain Buddhahood. The 52 Stages of Bodhisattva Practice consist of: – […]


Oral Transmission by Nichiren Daishonin on Chapter 25: Universal Gateway of Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Chapter 25 is the chapter on Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara or Bodhisattva Perceiver of the World’s Sounds. Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara is a renowned bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism. This is the oral transmissions by Nichiren Daishonin with regards to Guan Yin as found in The Record of the Orally Transmitted Teachings that is translated by Burton […]


Four Social Rules

Four Social Rules Ever wonder what are the social rules from the perspective of Buddhism? There is a teaching named “The Four Social Rules” (四攝法) or “The Four Methods of Winning People.” These four methods are applied by bodhisattvas to influence and convince people of the power of Dharma in […]


Body Language in Buddhism: Four Ways of Dignified Comportment

Body Language in Buddhism: Four Ways of Dignified Comportment Good communication is the cornerstone of not only a rewarding relationship but a successful life. Communications takes two forms—verbal and nonverbal. According to research, non-verbal communication, our body language, gives far more insights to the unspoken motifs and intentions than the verbal communication. […]


10 Powers of a Buddha

10 Powers of a Buddha “Because Devadatta was a good friend of mine, I was able to fully master Six Paramitas; develop benevolence, compassion, joy, and non-attachment; and be endowed with Thirty-Two Features, Eighty Types of Physical Elegance, purplish-golden skin, the Ten Powers, Four Kinds of Fearlessness, Four Social Rules, […]